Data analysis is rooted in statistics and has a history that dates back to ancient Egyptian civilization. It has played an important part in civic bodies all across the world and continues to affect commerce more than ever. The process of data analysis starts at data collection and the raw data is analysed with the goal of suggesting actionable insights. For example, the analysis of population growth by district can help governments determine the number of hospitals that would be needed in a given area or the previous buying trends can help any eCommerce company to take profitable marketing decisions. Here is an infographic that will take you through the brief history of data and the modern data analysis process.